Name Landau-Kleffner Syndrome
Related to/Also known as Acquired Epileptic Aphasia
Symptoms of Landau-Kleffner Syndrome
Landau-Kleffner Syndrome is a rare form of epilepsy that affects only children. It is characterised by severe language problems (aphasia). Symptoms may also include seizures.
Types  
Useful national contacts

Contact A Family
Freephone helpline (UK only): 0808 808 3555
Link opens in new window cafamily.org.uk

Cerebra, UK charity for children with neurological conditions
Link opens in new window http://w3.cerebra.org.uk
Telephone 01267 244200
Email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Find your local support:
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/ycl8djhy

Children & young people Landau Kleffner syndrome (Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/y2bpusoh
Online resources

Landau Kleffner Syndrome (Epilepsy Action)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/ybkll5cy

Landau-Kleffner Syndrome Information Page (U.S. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/b5hu4

Landau-Kleffner syndrome (U.S. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/y6rjzs7g

Our resources The library at The Brain Charity has a range of resources on Landau Kleffner Syndrome and on a wide range of disability-related issues.

Name Leigh Syndrome
Related to/Also known as
  • Leigh's Disease
  • Leigh's Syndrome
  • Necrotizing encephalopathy
  • Subacute Necrotizing Encephalomyelopathy (SNEM)
  • Mitochondrial disease
Symptoms of Leigh Syndrome

Leigh Syndrome is a rare, inherited, early-onset degenerative disorder with many different symptoms.

This is a disease of the mitochondria, which provide energy for nerve cells in the brain and muscles.

Types X-linked Leigh Disease
Useful national contacts Metabolic Support UK (formerly known as Climb)
Link opens in new window www.metabolicsupportuk.org
Tel. 0845 241 2173
The Leigh Network (Facebook)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/yaeud4e
The Rare Mitochondrial Disease Service for Adults and Children (NHS)
Link opens in new window www.mitochondrialncg.nhs.uk
Children & young people

NextGen (Metabolic Support (UK)
Support for young people (aged 12-18) living with an Inherited Metabolic Disorder
Link opens in new window www.metabolicsupportuk.org/ages-12-18

Alex – Leigh’s Disease (Metabolic Support (UK)
Link opens in new window www.metabolicsupportuk.org/alex-leighs-disease

News and events  
Online resources

Leigh Syndrome (Metabolic Support UK)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/y2w6h24z

Leigh syndrome ('Contact' charity website)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/y2vpctkq

Leigh Syndrome (U.S. National Organization for Rare Disorders)
Link opens in new window https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/leigh-syndrome

Leigh's Disease Information Page (U.S. National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/ybh4rabh

Our resources The library at The Brain Charity has a range of resources on Leigh's Disease and on a wide range of disability-related issues.

Name Leukodystrophy
Related to/Also known as
  • Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD)
  • Lorenzo's Oil disease
Symptoms of Leukodystrophy
The Leukodystrophies are a group of genetic disorders, which are generally diagnosed in childhood. Caused by a breakdown of the myelin sheath surrounding nerve cells in the brain. There are several forms, and the most common symptoms are a slowdown in mental and physical development
Types
  • Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD)
  • Refsum's disease
  • Adrenoleukodysrophy (ALD)
  • Krabbe's disease
  • Phenylketonuria
  • Canavan disease
  • Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease
  • Alexander's disease
  • Cerebrotendinous Zxanthomatosis (CTX)
  • Juvenile HD (also called Westphal variant or akinetic-rigid HD) develops before the age of 20, progresses rapidly, and produces muscle rigidity in which the patient moves little, if at all (akinesia).
Useful national contacts

Metabolic Support UK (formerly Climb)
Link opens in new window www.metabolicsupportuk.org
Tel: 0845 241 2173

ALD Life
Link opens in new window www.aldlife.org
Tel: 020 7701 4388

MLD Support Association UK
Link opens in new window www.mldsupportuk.org.uk
Tel: 07977 440809

Children & young people NextGen (Metabolic Support UK)
Support for young people (aged 12-18) living with an Inherited Metabolic Disorder
Link opens in new window www.metabolicsupportuk.org/ages-12-18
Online resources Adrenoleukodystrophy ('Contact' charity)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/y5s4b52q


Leukodystrophy (U.S. National Organization for Rare Disorders, NORD)
Link opens in new window http://tinyurl.com/yywunvza

Leukodystrophy Information Page (U.S. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/ybwu5mys

Leukodystrophies (Medline Plus)
Link opens in new window http://tinyurl.com/y5gay5zq

Our resources

Living with MLD (Metachromatic Leukodystrophy) The library at The Brain Charity has a range of resources on Leukodystrohy and on a wide range of disability-related issues.

Visit our library or get in touch to read the MLD Support Association's booklet "Living with MLD".

Name  Lissencephaly
Related to/Also known as  
Symptoms of Lissencephaly
Lissencephaly is used as an 'umbrella' term to describe a range of disorders where the whole or parts of the surface of the brain appear smooth.
Types
  • Classical Lissencephaly
  • Cobblestone Lissencephaly
Useful national contacts Lissencephaly Contact Group
c/o Contact a Family
Web Link opens in new window www.cafamily.org.uk
Tel. 0808 808 3555
Children & young people Remembering Rebecca (charity)
Registered charity offering financial assistance to children, from birth to 16 years, with Lissencephaly and other neurological conditions.
Link opens in new window www.rememberingrebecca.co.uk
Online resources  Lissencephaly Information page (U.S. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/ybtzgw4j
Our resources The library at The Brain Charity has a range of  resources on Lissencephaly and on a wide range of disability-related issues.

Name  Locked-in Syndrome
Related to/Also known as 

Cerebromedullospinal disconnection
Pseudocoma

Symptoms of Locked-in Syndrome
"Locked-in syndrome is a rare condition where someone is completely paralysed in all parts of their body, apart from the muscles that control eye movement. It can happen because of a number of different conditions such as traumatic brain injury, diseases of the circulatory system and stroke."
Source: Stroke Association https://tinyurl.com/y396u656
Useful national contacts

Stroke Association
www.stroke.org.uk
Stroke Helpline 0303 3033 100
Find your local support group: Link opens in new window www.stroke.org.uk/finding-support


Headway, the Brain Injury Association
Link opens in new window www.headway.org.uk
Free helpline 0808 800 2244
Find your local support group: Link opens in new window www.headway.org.uk/supporting-you/in-your-area

Children & young people "Parents of world's youngest locked-in syndrome sufferer, nine, reveal heartache over daughter who blinks to communicate" (Daily Mail, August 2012)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/yxkjazw6
Online resources

Locked-In Syndrome Information Page (U.S. National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/yy7b8sse


Locked In Syndrome (U.S. National Organization for Rare Disorders)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/y6vqozsu


News and events

Completely 'locked-in' patients can communicate (BBC website, February 2017)
Link opens in new window www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-38761461


Locked-in syndrome: rare survivor Richard Marsh recounts his ordeal (The Guardian newspaper website, August 2012)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/y3r4pap3

Our resources

https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/P/1908006641.01._SX900_SCLZZZZZZZ_.jpg The library at the Brain Charity has a range of resources on Locked-in Syndrome and on a wide range of disability related issues.

Visit our library to read our copy of the book Running Free: Breaking out from locked-in syndrome . Or look in your local library for this book Find this in a library at WorldCat.org

Name Lyme Disease
Related to/Also known as Borreliosis
Symptoms of Lyme Disease

Lyme Disease is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Borrelia Burgdorferi. The disease is transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected tick.

If left untreated it can affect the skin, heart, nervous system and joints.

Types  
Useful national contacts Lyme Disease Action
Link opens in new window www.lymediseaseaction.org.uk
Children & young people

Awareness Packs for Schools and Children (Lyme Diisease UK)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/y56drh7u

Watch out! Ticks about! (Lyme Disease UK)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/yxgknsku

Online resources Lyme disease (NHS Choices)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/y8dram83
Lyme disease (Facial Palsy UK)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/y9rkwv3y
UK Tick Threat Map (The Big Tick Project)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/ycx48khu
News and events "A dangerous 'miracle' solution" (Lyme Disease Action, October 2018)
Link opens in new window https://tinyurl.com/y68tdfph

"Ignorance of tick-borne Lyme disease 'costing lives'" (BBC News, May 2013)
Link opens in new window www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-22468181
Our resources Ticks and Lyme Disease The library at The Brain Charity has a range of resources on Lyme Disease and on a wide range of disability-related issues. This includes copies of the Lyme Disease Association's pamphlet "Ticks and Lyme Disease".